Ethiopia: Roots of the Tigray conflict

Issue 441 - 24 Jun 2021

The Tigray conflict that has engulfed Ethiopia since last November is rooted in unresolved regional tensions that stem from the overthrow of Mengistu Haile Mariam’s one-party state in 1991 by an alliance of ethno-nationalist groups. Following a 16-year civil war, two principal rebel groups emerged in government led by Tigrinya-speaking neighbours the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

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