Governance and security challenges in the Sahel

The decision by the military regimes governing Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger to leave the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) has new implications for regional stability and the fight against jihadism in the Sahel.

The military leaders had all previously promised ‘transition’, to include elections.  But now these juntas, struggling to combat jihadist and separatist insurgencies following their ejection of French and EU forces, have increasingly looked to Moscow and its military ‘advisors’ as to retain their hold on to power. Russian firms, including the Wagner Group – now rebranded as the ‘African Corps’ – have shown interest in the region’s resources and complicated questions over regional energy interdependence remain to be answered.

Malian President Assimi Goita, Presidency Mali

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