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The success of the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) in driving the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF, formerly known as the Libyan National Army) out of a strategic airbase west of the capital has opened up a new phase in the civil war. Geopolitically, the winners are Turkey, the GNA’s main international sponsor, and Russia, which is overtaking the United Arab Emirates as the most influential but also a more pragmatic backer of the diminished warlord Khalifa Haftar.